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Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis: The Main Causes of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

These are the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. They are bacterial infections that may be spread from person to person by sexual contact or even through contact with infected sex toys or other objects. The main sexually transmitted diseases in the United States today are chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. If left untreated, these infections can cause serious complications in both men and women, including infertility and long-term pelvic pain in women as well as eye inflammation and brain disease in men.


Syphilis

Symptoms include a firm, round painless sore (called a chancre) that appears at an infection site within three weeks after exposure. Common sites for these sores are on or near the genitals and around the mouth or anus. If not treated promptly with antibiotics, syphilis can cause serious health problems including brain damage and even death; it may also lead to blindness in babies born to infected mothers.


Chlamydia

There are over three million cases of chlamydia diagnosed in America each year. Chlamydia is one of four different types of STDs that are caused by bacteria. It is a highly contagious infections and it can be treated with antibiotics, but if left untreated for an extended period it can lead to serious health issues such as infertility. Chlamydia is also called a silent infection because most people who are infected don’t even know they have it.


Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae which spreads through sexual contact. It can lead to health problems in both men and women. In men, it may cause pain in the testicles and penis as well as difficulty in urinating. In women, it can cause bleeding between periods and unusual discharge from the vagina. If left untreated it may lead to sterility in both men and women.


Treatment

Sexually transmitted infections can be cured while sexually transmitted diseases cannot. If you are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease, early treatment is crucial. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat STDs caused by bacteria or antiviral medication to treat STDs caused by viruses. If left untreated, some STDs can lead to serious health complications in both men and women. Treatment for sexually transmitted diseases is less likely to be effective if you wait too long before seeking medical care.


Prevention

The key to preventing sexually transmitted diseases is using barrier methods when having sex. Condoms prevent bacteria and viruses from being passed from person to person. Certain people — such as those who have diabetes or weakened immune systems — can’t use condoms. In these cases, other barrier methods should be used, such as a dental dam (for oral sex) or a female condom (for vaginal intercourse). In any case, it’s important to always use a new condom if switching between anal and vaginal intercourse.


Some of the most common STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV/AIDS, and syphilis — all of which are treatable and preventable with early detection and treatment. So contact us to get tested today!


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